Activities of the Center
Contents on the Digital Archives

2013/10/1
Oct 01, 2013

Establishment of the Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center

In October 2013, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) established the "Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center" (NDRC) at its Headquarters to prepare for possible nuclear disasters in the future. There are two core activities for the NDRC: 1) development of "Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery" in cooperation with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC); and 2) sharing information relating to nuclear disasters through its Digital Archives.


Brochure of Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resources Center Video on JRCS Preparedness for nuclear disasters
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Oct 01, 2013

Launching of the NDRC Digital Archives

The JRCS launched the "NDRC Digital Archives" for disseminating knowledge and information relating to nuclear disasters on the Internet. The archives started to be released on this website. (http://ndrc.jrc.or.jp/?lang=en


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Oct 01, 2013

Release of a special content "Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident & Red Cross Support Activities"

Shortly after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami occurred, JRCS relief teams were dispatched from many Japanese Red Cross hospitals throughout Japan to the affected areas including Fukushima Prefecture and provided support for the affected people. This special content chronologically follows their six-month activities which were conducted based on the Red Cross mission from the confusion period right after the accident through the recovery period in the affected area. Earthquake-related events are also posted along with the activities.


Fukushima Daiichi NPP Accident & Red Cross Activities
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Oct 01, 2013

Release of a special content "Messages from Relief Team Staff - Fukushima RC Hospital-"

Fukushima Red Cross Hospital started sending its relief teams to the affected area on the earthquake day and conducted relief activities. However, the onset of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident (Fukushima Daiichi accident) forced them to temporarily leave the area with other JRCS relief teams due to a possible risk of radiation exposure. Following the withdrawal, JRCS relief teams from other prefectures were not sent to Fukushima Prefecture for a short period of time, either. This is a special content of short reports written by the relief team members of the Fukushima Red Cross Hospital who engaged in relief activities while facing fear in the affected area amongst confusion soon after the nuclear accident.


Relief Team Staff Messages: Fukushima RC Hospital
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2013/11/25
Nov 25, 2013

Release of a special content "Messages from Relief Team Staff 2 - Nagaoka & Nagahama RC Hospital-"

Japanese Red Cross Hospitals in Nagaoka and Nagahama, which are located outside of Fukushima Prefecture, dispatched their relief teams to Fukushima. The special content posts short reports written by the relief team members of those hospitals. At the time of the nuclear accident, the JRCS had no clear code of conduct to respond to nuclear disasters and the relief teams had no equipment and materials that were necessary for securing their safety. This forced the relief teams to temporarily leave the affected area and make an agonizing decision against their mission.


Relief Team Staff Messages 2: Nagaoka&Nagahama RC Hospitals
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2013/12/2
Dec 02, 2013 14:00

The 1st Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Seminar

At the First Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Seminar, Dr. Makoto Akashi, Executive Director of the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), gave a presentation about the radiation emergency medicine system in Japan and how the NIRS responded to the Fukushima Daiichi accident. Dr. Yoichi Watanabe, Deputy Director General of the Fukushima Red Cross Hospital made a presentation on how the JRCS relief teams and the Fukushima Red Cross Hospital responded to the accident and the restraints they faced during their activities at that time. Based on their experience, Dr. Watanabe raised the question about how the JRCS should respond to a similar nuclear disaster if it occurs in the future.


The 1st Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Seminar
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2014/1/28
Jan 28, 2014

Release of a special content "Photo Gallery: JRCS Medical Relief Activities during the Survivors’ Temporary Entry to the Restricted Area" (only in Japanese)

In May 2011, the temporary entry program to the restricted areas (within a radius of 20km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant) started for the evacuees. During the implementation of the program, the JRCS dispatched 87 relief teams in total to some of the entry points in order to provide medical relief to the evacuees who got sick during the entry. The special content using photos introduces how the entry program started and the relief activities that JRCS relief teams provided until March 2012.


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2014/2/26
Feb 26, 2014

Release of a special content "Survey for Japanese Red Cross Personnel on their Relief Activities during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Disaster"

In order to make use of the experience from the response to the nuclear disaster in Fukushima in the future and have data for developing JRCS’s nuclear disaster guidelines, the JRCS interviewed and provided questionnaires to JRCS staff members who engaged in the relief activities in Fukushima Prefecture from March 2011 to September 2011. From the results, the JRCS summarized challenges and issues of the relief activities and compiled a report on them. The webpage posts the comments by the staff members as well as the challenges and issues.


Fukushima NPP Accident: Surve of Relief Team Recognition
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2014/3/15
Mar 15, 2014 10:00

The 2nd Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Seminar

The second seminar was for younger people to learn the importance of thinking about nuclear disasters. The program for the seminar was as follows: a simulation game of running an evacuation center; making real emergency hot meals which are provided for survivors in the event of a disaster; and a lecture by Mr. Kazuhiko Amano who was responsible for running one of the evacuation centers in Fukushima at "Big Palette Fukushima". In addition, a high-school student team of "The Simplest NAIIC"* made a presentation about their activities to encourage young people to understand the nuclear disaster in Fukushima.
* The Simplest Explanation of the National Diet of Japan Fukushima Nuclear Accident Independent Investigation Commission Report


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2014/3/24
Mar 24, 2014 15:00

The 1st meeting of "Guidelines for Red Cross Activities during Nuclear Disasters" Committee

Based on the experience of the relief activities conducted during the nuclear disaster which followed the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, the JRCS decided to develop (Tentative) "Guidelines for Red Cross Activities during Nuclear Disasters". In order to hear views and opinions from experts within and outside of the JRCS in related fields, a committee for the guidelines was set up. Four meetings were scheduled to prepare a guidelines draft within 2014.


Guidelines and Committee of Experts Minutes summary of the 1st guidelines committee meeting
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2014/3/27
Mar 27, 2014

Renewal of the NDRC Digital Archives with an information portal function added

In order to make the nuclear disaster-related Digital Archive more useful, an information portal function was added to it. The function is aimed at providing the users with more information by including links to websites which post various kinds of information relating to nuclear disasters.


Portal front page
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2014/5/9
May 09, 2014

Release of a special content "Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Aid Report -Part1-"

After the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami occurred, the JRCS received international donations of over 100.1 billion yen from about 100 Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies around the world. The JRCS has provided assistance for the affected people in accordance with their needs in the affected areas by using the donations as financial resources. The affected people in Fukushima Prefecture have been forced to evacuate for a long time due to the disaster caused by the earthquake and tsunami and also the effects from the Fukushima Daiichi accident. This special content introduces some of the recovery aid activities that the JRCS provided for the affected people in Fukushima Prefecture.


Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Aid Report: Part1
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2014/8/5
Aug 05, 2014

Release of a special content "Red Cross Smile Park"

In Fukushima Prefecture, there were some areas where children’s outdoor activities were limited due to concerns about effects on children’s health from radiation. In order to provide places where pre-school children could play freely and do exercise, an indoor-playground program called "Red Cross Smile Park" was developed and conducted. This special content reports that many children joined the program and cheerfully played with play equipment placed at the venues. It also introduces messages from staff members of the JRCS Fukushima Chapter who organized the program and comments of the parents who visited the venue with their children.


Red Cross Smile Park
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2014/8/26
Aug 26, 2014 13:00

Meeting for Medical Personnel of Japanese Red Cross Radiation Emergency Hospitals

The JRCS has eight Japanese Red Cross hospitals (JRC hospitals) which are designated as radiation emergency hospitals by local governments (at the date of the meeting). For the purpose of recognizing the importance of cooperation enhancement for radiation emergency medicine among the hospitals, relevant personnel were gathered for the first time from 11 JRC hospitals including the eight hospitals, JRC atomic-bomb survivors hospitals in Hiroshima and Nagasaki and Fukushima Red Cross Hospital. They exchanged their opinions over the roles of JRCS radiation emergency medical care advisors and the program plan for the JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Sessions which were scheduled for FY2014.


Meeting for JRC Radiation Emergency Hospitals
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2014/10/3
Oct 03, 2014 14:00

The 3rd Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Seminar

The third seminar was co-hosted by the JRCS and the Japanese Red Cross College of Nursing (JRCCN). At the seminar, the health assistance program was picked up as a case study and the participants discussed mid- and long-term health assistance during a nuclear disaster and challenges in the future. Prof. Shinji Tokonami of Hirosaki University gave a keynote speech, followed by a report from Ms. Mie Namiki of the JRCCN about how the health assistance program for Namie started; the program overview; and challenges for assistance to survivors during a long-term evacuation. Finally, a symposium was held with panelists who were engaging in activities for the affected people.


The 3rd Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Seminar
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2014/10/8
Oct 08, 2014

Agreement between Fukushima Future Center for Regional Revitalization of Fukushima University and JRCS

On October 8, 2014, the JRCS signed a partnership agreement with Fukushima Future Center for Regional Revitalization of Fukushima University on assistance for reconstruction in Fukushima. The JRCS has been providing various assistance activities for reconstruction after the earthquake and tsunami. This agreement was concluded to promote the reconstruction assistance activities in Fukushima.


Agreement with Fukushima Future Center for Regional Revitalization
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2014/10/27
Oct 27, 2014 10:30

The 3rd Reference Group Meeting on Nuclear & Radiological Emergency Preparedness

Following the nuclear accident in Fukushima, the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies adopted a resolution/decision on "preparedness to respond to the humanitarian consequences of nuclear accidents" during the General Assembly of the IFRC in November 2011. The Third Reference Group Meeting on Nuclear & Radiological Emergency Preparedness was held in Fukushima to realize and operate the resolution. The participants visited the Fukushima Prefectural Government, the places affected by the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear accident and the temporary housing to gain knowledge about the current situations of the affected people and the recovery. Based on what they saw and heard during the field trip, they discussed the preparedness for nuclear disasters and also guidelines.


The 3rd Reference Group Meeting
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2014/11/5
Nov 05, 2014 11:00

FY 2014 JRCS 1st Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session

The training session was held as part of JRCS nuclear disaster preparedness enhancement based on the lessons learned from the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. The training session was provided for physicians, radiological technologists, nurses and administrative staff working at Japanese Red Cross hospitals and JRCS chapter staff throughout Japan. The purpose of the training was to learn basic knowledge about radiation and radiation emergency medicine system in Japan and how to use radiation protection equipment and materials in order to engage in relief activities in a radiological environment safely and with ease.


JRCS 1st Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (FY 2014)
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2014/12/17
Dec 17, 2014

Release of a special content "1st Anniversary of Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center"

On October 1, 2014, the Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center (NDRC) marked the first anniversary of the center and its Digital Archives. The special content posts a message from Tadateru Konoe, President of the JRCS for commemorating the first anniversary and the main activities which the NDRC conducted over the year.


The 1st Anniversary of Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center
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2015/2/20
Feb 20, 2015 11:00

FY 2014 JRCS 2nd Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session

Following the first training session held in November 2014, the JRCS Second Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session for FY 2014 took place. The training session was held as part of JRCS nuclear disaster preparedness enhancement based on the lessons learned from the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. The training was provided for physicians, radiological technologists, nurses and administrative staff working at Japanese Red Cross hospitals and JRCS chapter staff throughout Japan. The training session is scheduled to be held twice also for FY 2015.


JRCS 2nd Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (FY 2014)
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2015/3/15
Mar 15, 2015 12:40

Co-sponsor of "Residents Symposium for Fukushima Reconstruction 2015"

The symposium was positioned as one of the public forums of the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (March 14-18, 2015, Sendai). Fukushima Prefecture and Fukushima University organized the symposium. The JRCS joined it as co-sponsor. At the symposium, keynote lectures were given by two persons from the IFRC: Walter Cotte, Under Secretary General; and Martin Krottmeyer, Senior Officer, Nuclear and Radiological Accidents Preparedness Programme Services. The lecture theme was about how the Red Cross had addressed the recovery in Fukushima and made efforts for disaster prevention/risk reduction.


Residents Symposium for Fukushima Reconstruction 2015
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2015/3/17
Mar 17, 2015

"Joint Declaration regarding Revitalization and Disaster Preparedness" between Fukushima Prefecture and JRCS

The JRCS signed the "Joint Declaration regarding Revitalization and Disaster Preparedness" with Fukushima Prefecture and declared that it will continue to provide assistance for the people in Fukushima in collaboration with the prefecture. The joint declaration states that both parties will enhance cooperation in three areas: 1) revitalization assistance for the people affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami; 2) preparedness for possible future disasters; 3) information dissemination both at home and abroad on those two areas.


Joint declaration between Fukushima Prefecture and JRCS
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2015/3/30
Mar 30, 2015

Development and issuance of "Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery"

After discussions were made at meetings of the Guidelines Committee, a draft for nuclear disaster guidelines was prepared. Based on the draft, the JRCS developed and issued the "Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery" (Guidelines). The Guidelines clearly state the background, the purpose, the scope and considerations while engaging in relief activities. In the Guidelines, the relevant phases are divided into three phases: 1) Preparedness; 2) Emergency Response; and 3) Recovery. JRCS activities in each phase are described. The Guidelines also clarify safety standards to secure the safety of JRCS staff members and Red Cross volunteers who will engage in activities in the event of a nuclear disaster.


Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery
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2015/7/22
Jul 22, 2015 13:00

JRCS 1st Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors

Based on the lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the JRCS developed the Guidelines, deployed equipment and materials for radiation protection to JRC hospitals and facilities across Japan and has also provided "JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session" for its relief teams. In addition to these efforts, the JRCS organized "JRCS Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors". The meeting members were physicians and radiological technologists of JRC hospitals designated as radiation emergency hospitals located in prefectures with nuclear power plants, JRC atomic-bomb survivors hospitals and Fukushima Red Cross Hospital. The members discussed how the JRCS relief arrangements during a nuclear disaster should be. The JRCS’s "radiation emergency medical care advisors" will be dispatched to headquarters of disaster control (HDC) at the JRCS Headquarters or a chapter in an affected area to give advice there when the HDCs needs to decide on the policy for deployment of relief teams. The advisors will also provide radiation dose management for JRCS responders.


JRCS 1st Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors (FY2015)
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2015/9/2
Sep 02, 2015 11:00

FY 2015 JRCS 1st Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session

From the last fiscal year, the JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session began to be provided to physicians, radiological technologists, nurses and administrative staff working at Japanese Red Cross hospitals and JRCS chapter staff across Japan. The JRCS plans to provide the training twice also for this fiscal year. The first session was held at the JRCS HQ on September 3, 2015. From this time, the explanation about the "Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery", which was developed and issued by the JRCS in March of this year, was included in the training program.


JRCS 1st Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (FY 2015)
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2015/9/7
Sep 07, 2015

Release of a new webpage "Nuclear Disaster Guidelines"

In order to introduce the JRCS’s nuclear disaster guidelines, the webpage for "Nuclear Disaster Guidelines" was released on the NDRC Digital Archives. The webpage includes "Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Preparedness" which was developed by the JRCS, the background to the guidelines and the annotations to the guidelines were prepared for the readers to better understand the guidelines. The NDRC plans to introduce other related documents such as the IFRC’s Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Preparedness and Response Guidelines on the webpage.


Nuclear Disaster Guidelines
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Sep 07, 2015

The 4th Reference Group Meeting on CBRN Emergency Preparedness -Preparedness for CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear) disasters-

The 4th Reference Group Meeting on CBRN Preparedness was held in Berlin, Germany. The previous meetings from the 1st to the 3rd took place in Wien, Geneva and Fukushima respectively. At the 4th meeting, the agenda was shared and discussed including: confirmation of the final draft of the IFRC’s “Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Guidelines -Preparedness, Response and Recovery- “; report on efforts for CBRN emergency preparedness by the National Societies and their countries; and information on legal preparations by the countries. The IFRC’s CBRN preparedness is scheduled to be shared at a side event of the IFRC General Assembly in December 2015 with participants in the assembly from around the world.


The 4th Reference Group Meeting
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2015/11/6
Nov 06, 2015 11:00

FY 2015 JRCS 2nd Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session

The JRCS Second Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session for FY 2015 was held for physicians, radiological technologists, nurses and administrative staff working at Japanese Red Cross hospitals and JRCS chapter staff throughout Japan. They were provided with explanations on the Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery, which was developed by the JRCS in March 2015, and the role of JRCS radiation emergency medical care advisors. The attendees were given training for how to use radiation protective equipment and materials. They also worked on case studies in groups on the assumption of relief activities in the event of a nuclear disaster. In order to give more area-based nuclear disaster training to relief team members, this training session will be conducted in each of six JRCS Zones starting from FY 2016.


JRCS 2nd Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (FY 2015)
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2015/11/10
Nov 10, 2015

Release of a webpage “Preparedness for Nuclear Disasters”

A webpage was released on the Digital Archives to introduce efforts by the JRCS and the IFRC who have been preparing for nuclear disasters which might occur in the future. The JRCS prepared radiation protective equipment and materials such as personal dosimeters, survey meters and radiation protection gear, built arrangements for nuclear disaster response including assignment of radiation emergency medical care advisors, and developed human resources through the National Red Cross Relief Team Seminar and the JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session. As part of the IFRC preparedness efforts, the webpage introduces their web-based learning platform.


Preparedness for Nuclear Disasters
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2015/12/3
Dec 03, 2015 12:00

JRCS 2nd Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors

The JRCS Second Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors was held. At this meeting, the following matters were discussed: operation of JRCS safety standards in the event of a nuclear disaster in order to continue relief activities while securing the safety of JRCS staff who live in an affected area; Japanese Red Cross Hospitals’ efforts for a hospital evacuation; and how JRCS’s international contribution should be. The meeting participants also discussed a revision of the Manual for Relief Activities under Nuclear Disasters and how they should support the Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Sessions which will be held in each JRCS Zone starting from FY 2016.


JRCS 2nd Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors (FY2015)
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2015/12/4
Dec 04, 2015 11:00

[Nagaoka RC Hospital]
Ordered by Niigata Chapter, planning to withdraw from Shinchi and move to Shiroishi.


IFRC General Assembly and the Side Event
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2016/1/14
Jan 14, 2016

Release of a special content “Efforts for nuclear disaster preparedness by the IFRC”

At the IFRC General Assembly (GA) held in November 2011, a resolution on “preparedness to respond to the humanitarian consequences of nuclear accidents” was adopted. The resolution refers to roles that the IFRC should play in providing relief for survivors of a nuclear disaster. Following the GA, the Reference Group Meeting (RGM) on Nuclear & Radiological Emergency Preparedness was established. Since the establishment, the RGM has had four meetings in Vienna, Geneva, Fukushima and Berlin. At these meetings, discussions were made about development of the IFRC’s guidelines for nuclear and radiological emergency preparedness, development of learning tools for enhancing capabilities to respond to such emergencies, a survey for response capacity of each National Society and how the IFRC should collaborate with other related international organizations. At the 20th GA held in Geneva in December 2015, four years after the resolution was adopted at the 18th GA, the IFRC’s four-year works and outcomes were presented to National Societies. This special content introduces the details and the timeline of the efforts made by the IFRC.


Efforts for Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Preparedness by the IFRC
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2016/3/8
Mar 08, 2016

Release of a special content “JRCS Fukushima Chapter Recovery Program”

In March 2016, five years have passed since the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. The JRCS Fukushima Chapter has provided recovery assistance programs for survivors of all ages from children to elderly people. These include: health enhancement programs to help the survivors enhance their physical and mental health; programs to support the survivors’ rebuilding livelihoods for recovering their daily lives; and educational support programs to provide educational items, places and comfortable environments, which were lost due to the earthquake and tsunami. This special content introduces each program and the activities conducted by the Fukushima Chapter. Comments by the chapter staff members, the Red Cross Volunteer Corps’ members and the beneficiaries are also presented on this webpage.


Recovery Program by JRCS Fukushima Chapter
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2016/3/19
Mar 19, 2016

The 4th Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Seminar

In March 2016, five years after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the Fourth Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Seminar was held under the theme of “Forever remembered” - Learn from Fukushima - “What can we do now as possible affected people in the future?” This seminar was facilitated by Prof. Kazuhiko Amano, a visiting associate professor of Fukushima University. The participants tried to explore what kind of possible challenges exist in their communities by referring to the status quo and issues of Fukushima Prefecture. They also explored the theme of “What can we do towards the future?” through some lectures given by experts who engage in assistance for the survivors in Fukushima and a subsequent workshop.


The 4th Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Seminar Report
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2016/3/31
Mar 31, 2016

Revision of the Guidelines and the Manual

In March 2016, the JRCS revised its “Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery” (Guidelines) (original version: March 2015) and “Manual for Relief Activities under Nuclear Disasters” (Manual) (original version: May 2013). Based on the experience and reflections of the JRCS activities during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident which followed the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in March 2011, the JRCS has worked on nuclear disaster preparedness. This is aimed at providing humanitarian assistance quickly and appropriately in the event of a similar nuclear disaster. The development of the Guidelines and the Manual was part of the JRCS’s efforts for nuclear disaster preparedness.


Revision of the JRCS’s guidelines and manual related to nuclear disasters
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2016/3
Mar, 2016

Guide for safety management regarding staff living in an affected area in the event of a nuclear disaster

After the development of the “Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery”, some challenges still remain to discuss and consider. One concerns safety management of JRCS staff and their families living in affected areas in the event of a nuclear disaster. At the “Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors*”, this challenge had been discussed including what would need to be done or considered to ensure health, safety and security of those JRCS staff and their families. Based on the outcome of the discussion, “Guide for safety management regarding staff living in an affected area in the event of a nuclear disaster” for Director Generals of Japanese Red Cross facilities (available only in Japanese) was developed. This guide clearly describes the required safety management procedures. At the same time, a pocket-sized leaflet for JRCS staff titled "For protecting yourself and your family in the event of a nuclear disaster" (available only in Japanese) was also prepared to explain basic knowledge about radiation.
* A JRCS meeting which consists of some physicians and radiological technologists working at JRC hospitals designated as radiation emergency hospitals.


Guidance for safety management
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2016/7/21
Jul 21, 2016

JRCS 1st Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors (FY 2016)

The FY 2016 First Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors was held. Two keynote lectures were given by guest speakers at this meeting. One was given by a guest from the Secretariat of the Nuclear Regulation Authority about emergency medical care arrangements in the event of a nuclear disaster. The other was made by a guest from the Cabinet Office about their efforts for nuclear disaster preparedness. At this meeting, a representative from the Japanese Red Cross (JRC) Kumamoto Hospital shared the hospital’s experiences during the response to the Kumamoto Earthquake, which is about their acceptance of many staff members from other JRC hospitals who supported the JRC Kumamoto Hospital. A discussion was also made by the meeting members about JRC hospital evacuation in the event of a nuclear disaster based on a hospital evacuation plan that the Japanese Red Cross Mito Hospital is working on. Prof. Matsui of the Fukushima Medical University, another guest speaker, gave a lecture about communication between experts and the public in Fukushima after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. Based on the lecture, the radiation emergency medical care advisors and other meeting attendees discussed a theme of “communication with survivors in the event of a nuclear disaster.” This is one of the challenges which emerged over the course of developing the Guidelines and the JRCS is now considering it.


JRCS 1st Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors (FY2016)
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2016/9/21
Sep 21, 2016

The JRCS’ participation in the 3rd Asia Pacific National Societies Disaster Management Conference

The 3rd Asia Pacific National Societies Disaster Management Conference was held in Seoul, Korea under the theme “Towards Community Resilience,” and joined by an officer from the Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center (NDRC) of the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS). The conference was held based on the five-year strategy of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) to discuss its disaster management strategy in the Asia Pacific region. This was the third conference, participated by representatives from 33 National Societies in the region who are in charge of disaster response and disaster risk reduction, staff members supporting disaster-related programs and representatives from the IFRC and the Asia Pacific Regional Office. After discussions, a new strategy called “Asia Pacific National Societies DRM Strategy Towards Community Resilience: 2016 - 2020” was agreed among the participants.


The 3rd Asia Pacific National Societies Disaster Management Conference
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2016/10/6
Oct 06, 2016

Publication of Special Contents “Preparedness for possible future nuclear disasters” on the website

Based on the experience of and lessons learned from its response to the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami and Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident in 2011, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) has been working on preparedness for possible nuclear disasters. The core components of the JRCS nuclear disaster preparedness are: ensuring the safety of JRCS responders, strengthening the structure for nuclear disaster response, training staff to respond to a nuclear disaster, and gathering and disseminating information on nuclear disasters. To achieve these, the JRCS has worked on various efforts, and five years after the 2011 disaster, it has published its efforts to date on the Web.


Preparedness for possible future nuclear disasters
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2016/11/26
Nov 26, 2016

JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (FY 2016) for the Fourth Block

To prepare for a potential nuclear disaster, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) has been hosting the Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session at its headquarters since FY 2014 for the physicians, nurses, radiological technologists and administrative staff working at the JRC hospitals as well as the staff members of the JRC local chapters, who will undertake relief activities at the time of a nuclear disaster.
Since 2016, the program has been implemented by geographical groups, dividing the country into 6 blocks and allowing each block to hold their session separately so that the training will be more adaptive to the geographical uniqueness of the area housing the nuclear power plant(s); and to the situation of the local chapters and their facilities; optimizing the experience, curriculums and teaching materials that have been accumulated from the previous sessions.
The Fourth Block, which is comprised of the chapters located in the Kinki region, held the FY 2016 Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session for the Fourth Block at the JRCS Osaka Chapter on November 26, 2016. In the group work, they designed an activity plan based on the evacuation area (zone) designated by Maizuru City, envisioning an accident taking place at the Takahama Nuclear Power Plant standing close to the area of the Fourth Block.


JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (4th Block)
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2016/12/5
Dec 05, 2016

Participation in Workshop on (Chemical, Biological), Radiological and Nuclear Emergency Preparedness, Response & Recovery

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) held a (chemical, biological), radiological and nuclear ((CB)RN) emergency workshop in Vienna, Austria, on December 5 - 9, 2016. This workshop was aimed at enabling National Societies to have deeper knowledge about the specificity of disasters at the time of (CB)RN emergencies and to address the humanitarian needs of affected people according to their mission.


Workshop on (CB)RN Emergency Preparedness, Response & Recovery
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2016/12/12
Dec 12, 2016

JRCS Second Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors (FY2016)

The Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) held the FY 2016 Second Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care (REMC) Advisors.
At the meeting, discussions were made regarding specific supporting arrangements for the evacuation of JRC hospitals located within the Urgent Protective Action Planning Zone (UPZ) and necessary arrangements for neighboring JRC hospitals to accept patients when a JRC hospital within the UPZ has to evacuate in an assumed scenario of a nuclear accident. In addition, other discussions were made about the details of guidelines which will be prepared to help the relief team members communicate and interact with survivors in the event of a nuclear disaster and provide medical relief without any problems to achieve the original purpose of relief teams.


JRCS 2nd Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors (FY2016)
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2017/1/18
Jan 18, 2017

JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (FY 2016) for the Sixth Block

To prepare for a potential nuclear disaster, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) has been hosting the Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session at its headquarters since FY 2014 for the physicians, nurses, radiological technologists and administrative staff working at the JRC hospitals as well as the staff members of the JRC local chapters, who will undertake relief activities at the time of a nuclear disaster.
Since 2016, the program has been implemented by geographical groups, dividing the country into 6 blocks and allowing each block to hold their session separately so that the training will be more adaptive to the geographical uniqueness of the area housing the nuclear power plant(s); and to the situation of the local chapters and their facilities; optimizing the experience, curriculums and teaching materials that have been accumulated from the previous sessions.
The Sixth Block, which is comprised of the chapters located in the Kyushu/Okinawa region, held the FY 2016 Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session for the Sixth Block at the JRCS Fukuoka Chapter on January 18, 2017. In the program, the environment surrounding the Genkai Nuclear Power Plant located in the area of the Sixth Block was introduced and, envisioning an accident occurring at the plant, the participants performed their group work to design an activity plan of the relief team wherein the Japanese Red Cross Karatsu Hospital working as the hub center, according to the evacuation area (zone) designated by Karatsu City.


JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (6th Block)
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2017/2/22
Feb 22, 2017

JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (FY 2016) for the Second Block

To prepare for a potential nuclear disaster, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) has been hosting the Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session at its headquarters since FY 2014 for the physicians, nurses, radiological technologists and administrative staff working at the JRC hospitals as well as the staff members of the JRC local chapters, who will undertake relief activities at the time of a nuclear disaster.
Since 2016, the program has been implemented by geographical groups, dividing the country into 6 blocks and allowing each block to hold their session separately so that the training will be more adaptive to the geographical uniqueness of the area housing the nuclear power plant(s); and to the situation of the local chapters and their facilities; optimizing the experience, curriculums and teaching materials that have been accumulated from the previous sessions.
The Second Block, which is comprised of the chapters located in the Kanto/Koshinetsu region, held the FY 2016 Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session for the Second Block at the JRCS Tokyo Chapter on February 22, 2017. In the program, they explained the state of the nuclear disaster response for the zone surrounding the Tokai No. 2 Power Station located in the area of the Second Block and, envisioning an accident occurring at the plant, the participants performed their group work to design an activity plan for the relief team wherein the Japanese Red Cross Mito Hospital working as the hub center, according to the evacuation area designated by Mito City.


JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (2nd Block)
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2017/3/3
Mar 03, 2017

Publication of a Special Webpage “CBRN Emergency Preparedness Workshop”

A chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) emergency preparedness workshop was held jointly by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the Austrian Red Cross in Vienna, Austria, from December 5 to December 9, 2016.
Prior to the workshop, the IFRC had developed the Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Guidelines: Preparedness, Response and Recovery (“Guidelines”) with support from the national societies of the Red Cross/Red Crescent (NSs). Accordingly, the objective of the workshop was to allow the NSs to have a better understanding of the distinct features of the CBRN emergencies/disaster operations, so they can address the humanitarian needs of those affected according to their responsibilities in each country; thereby ensuring that the Guidelines of the IFRC would achieve wider and appropriate use. It is hoped that the participants will facilitate development/implementation of the respective NSs’ CBRN disaster planning utilizing the knowledge, discussion, tools, and networks that were generated in the workshop.
The summary and outcome of the workshop are available on the Special Contents webpage.


CBRN Emergency Preparedness Workshop
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2017/3/9
Mar 09, 2017

Publication of “Health Interview Survey and Health Assistance for People Who Evacuated from Namie Town to Iwaki City”

Due to the radioactive fallout caused by the March 2011 nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, the entire population of Namie Town in Fukushima Prefecture were forced to evacuate from the district and made their escape, scattering across a vast area in and out of the prefecture.
Since October 2012, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) and the Japanese Red Cross College of Nursing (“College of Nursing”) have been working together on a project to carry out health surveys with the evacuees from Namie Town living in Iwaki City and provide them with health assistance. There were no temporary housing facilities in Iwaki, so that the evacuees from Namie live in rental housing funded by the Fukushima prefectural government. Because the rental housing sites are scattered over a vast area in Iwaki, adequate public health services for the evacuees have been lacking and they became prone to live in isolation. Therefore, at the request of the municipality of Namie, the JRCS and the College of Nursing have been undertaking the “Follow-up Health Interview Activities”, which surveys the health status of the citizens of Namie, and the “Health Assistance Activities” including health consultation and salon activities involving participation of the townspeople of Namie.
The College of Nursing puts together the details of these program activities for each term of activity and publishes a report. In addition to the health surveys, a needs investigation was carried out to determine the needs of the people of Namie in the area of health and support. These reports and the results of the needs investigation are now available on the Digital Archives.


Health Interview Survey for People Evacuated from Namie
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2017/4
Apr, 2017

Production of a Booklet, Communication with Affected People during a Nuclear Disaster

The nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant forced a large number of affectees to lead a harsh life, both psychologically and physically, over an extensive period of time, because accurate information about the accident was not shared properly and an array of different opinions about the effect of radiation on the human body circulated among the people, reinforcing their anxiety and fear of radiation exposure.
Relief activities in the wake of a nuclear disaster are expected to be undertaken under such unusual circumstances. The affectees may ask questions or request advice regarding the accident or radiation from relief team members, who are not specialists in radiation exposure medicine.
Accordingly, the Japanese Red Cross Society has produced a booklet, Communication with Affected People during a Nuclear Disaster, which was developed out of the learning from the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. It describes the methodology of relief activities, psychological status of affectees, and basic matters such as the principles in establishing communication with affectees (presented with dialogue examples) to ensure that the relief teams will be able to establish better communication with affectees and provide the very support they need at times of nuclear disaster.


Communication with Affected People during a Nuclear Disaster
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2017/6/3
Jun 03, 2017

JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (FY 2017) for the First Block

To prepare for a potential nuclear disaster, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) has been hosting the Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session at its headquarters since FY 2014 for the physicians, nurses, radiological technologists and administrative staff working at the JRC hospitals as well as the staff members of the JRC local chapters, who will undertake relief activities at the time of a nuclear disaster.
Since 2016, the program has been implemented by geographical groups, dividing the country into 6 blocks and allowing each block to hold their session separately so that the training will be more adaptive to the geographical uniqueness of the area housing the nuclear power plant(s); and to the situation of the local chapters and their facilities; optimizing the experience, curriculums and teaching materials that have been accumulated from the previous sessions.
The First Block, which is comprised of the chapters located in the Hokkaido/Tohoku region, held the FY 2017 Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session for the First Block at the Japanese Red Cross Ishinomaki Hospital during 2 days on June 3-4, 2017. In the training this time, in cooperation with Miyagi Prefecture, we included lectures on their community disaster preparedness plan and nuclear disaster medical care system in the program. Additionally, 10 staff members of the Republic of Korea National Red Cross, who had visited Japan to observe the JRCS’ initiatives for nuclear disaster preparedness, participated in the session. Visiting the affected areas in Fukushima and touring the Onagawa Community Medical Center in Onagawa-cho (Miyagi), they learned the nuclear disaster response planned by the JRC Fukui Chapter and left feedback, “we want to aggressively utilize the JRC initiatives to address nuclear disaster”.


JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (1st Block)
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2017/6/6
Jun 06, 2017

IFRC Published a Case Study Report

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) reviewed the post-disaster response that the JRCS carried out to address the disaster which occurred in 2011 in the wake of the Great East Japan Earthquake, the Tsunami which followed, and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident; and assembled it as a Case Study report.
The study was intended to improve the knowledge and skills of the IFRC and the National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies for strengthening their role in preparing for and responding to radioactive/nuclear emergency, and to develop the capability to deal with the humanitarian impact during and in the wake of nuclear disaster. The Case Study report gives an account of the JRC activities over a period of approximately 3 weeks, from the launch of their activities through the initial relief phase. It also describes the diverse issues the emergency relief teams faced in the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, which involved a chain of events occurring one after another after the onset of the earthquake. Additionally, the report presents various steps to address challenges unique to nuclear accidents as well as to perform operations in an environment that may be contaminated with radiation.


IFRC developed a case study
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2017/6/16
Jun 16, 2017

JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (FY 2017) for the Third Block

To prepare for a potential nuclear disaster, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) has been hosting the Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session at its headquarters since FY 2014 for the physicians, nurses, radiological technologists and administrative staff working at the JRC hospitals as well as the staff members of the JRC local chapters, who will undertake relief activities at the time of a nuclear disaster.
From 2016, the program has been implemented by geographical groups, dividing the country into 6 blocks and allowing each block to hold their session separately so that the training will be more adaptive to the geographical uniqueness of the area housing the nuclear power plant(s); and to the situation of the local chapters and their facilities; optimizing the experience, curriculums and teaching materials that have been accumulated from the previous sessions.
The Third Block, which is comprised of the chapters located in the Tokai/Hokuriku region, held the FY 2017 Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session for the Third Block at the Fukui Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Fukui City) during 2 days on June 16-17, 2017. In the training this year, in cooperation with Fukui Prefecture, we included lectures on their nuclear disaster preparedness measures and nuclear disaster medical care system in the program. In addition, some examples of efforts and accomplishments so far were introduced in the lecture on the initiatives to address challenges of nuclear disaster.


JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session (3rd Block)
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2017/6/19
Jun 19, 2017

Publication of a Special Webpage “Chernobyl Humanitarian Assistance and Rehabilitation Programme”

The explosion caused at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant then located in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union on April 26, 1986 effected a considerable number of residents. In 1990 the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), in cooperation with the Red Cross Societies of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia, launched the Chernobyl Humanitarian Assistance and Rehabilitation Programme (CHARP), which continued until 2012 providing aid to help the affectees. Subsequently, with the objective of enhancing nuclear/radioactive disaster preparedness and response capabilities, the IFRC evaluated and analyzed the 22-year activities of the CHARP and put the results together as a review report. Efforts by the international community and organizations related to the Chernobyl accident and the movement of the international Red Cross/Red Crescent and the CHARP have been presented chronologically on the webpage, along with the review report issued by the IFRC.


REVIEW Report on CHARP (1990-2012)
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