Preparedness for nuclear disasters by the JRCS


Immediately after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami occurred, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) mobilized its relief teams from Japanese Red Cross (JRC) hospitals throughout Japan and started its relief activities in the affected areas including Fukushima Prefecture. However, the JRCS came across the bitter experience of being unable to provide enough relief activities right after the outset of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident (Fukushima Daiichi accident). The JRCS has the Red Cross mission and the JRCS’s role is stipulated by the Japanese laws. Given this, along with the status and the prospect of installation of nuclear power plants worldwide, the JRCS thinks that preparing for the possibility of future nuclear disasters and having arrangements in place for providing relief activities to survivors smoothly in the event of a nuclear disaster is a responsibility of a National Society of a country who experienced a nuclear power plant accident.

The pillars of the JRCS’s nuclear disaster preparedness are: ensuring the safety of JRCS responders; strengthening the structure for nuclear disaster response; training staff to respond to a nuclear disaster; and gathering and disseminating information on nuclear disasters. To realize the preparedness, the JRCS has developed the “Manual for Relief Activities under Nuclear Disasters” and the “Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery,” disseminated collected information relating to nuclear disasters via the Digital Archives, and organized the Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors and the Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session. These efforts have been supported by the JRCS National Headquarters (JRCS HQ), JRCS chapters and JRC hospitals. The Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center, which was established in the JRCS HQ, has collaborated with these organizations for the preparedness.

Five years have passed since the disaster occurred. This webpage introduces the efforts that the JRCS has made in the past few years.

For more details on the preparedness, please also visit another webpage “Preparedness for Nuclear Disasters.”

Background
Response to the
Fukushima Daiichi accident*
and lessons learned from
the experience
The Red Cross
mission/Legal basis
for the activities
The status and outlook
for worldwide nuclear
power generation
Resolution adopted
at the IFRC GA**
 
Nuclear disaster preparedness by JRCS
Relief activities for survivors in the event of a nuclear disaster
Manual for Relief Activities Nuclear Disaster Guidelines Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center Digital Archives Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
JRCS National
Headquarters
JRCS chapters JRCS facilities
(e.g. Red Cross hospitals)
Red Cross Nuclear
Disaster Resource Center
* Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident
** General Assembly of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Framework for nuclear disaster preparedness by the JRCS


The chart below chronologically represents the JRCS’s efforts for nuclear disaster preparedness.

Based on the lessons learned from the experience during the Fukushima Daiichi accident, what the JRCS first worked on was ensuring the safety of its responders. The JRCS developed the “Manual for Relief Activities under Nuclear Disasters” [PDF] in May 2013 and completed deploying radiation protective equipment and materials to JRCS chapters and facilities nationwide by March 2014.

In October 2013, the Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center (NDRC) was established in the JRCS HQ. The NDRC has been a main player in establishing the internal structure for nuclear disaster response, educating/training the JRCS staff, gathering/disseminating information on nuclear disasters and developing the “Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery” in collaboration with related internal departments, JRCS chapters and JRC hospitals.

For more details on the development of the guidelines, please also visit another webpage “Nuclear Disaster Guidelines.”

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016  
Mar.: Fukushima Daiichi
    Nuclear Power Plant Accident
Oct.: Establishment of
    NDRC**
Mar.: Development of
    the Nuclear Disaster Guidelines
Nov.: Resolution at the IFRC GA* Dec.: Sum-up of nuclear
   disaster preparedness
   efforts at the IFRC GA
  Ensuring the safety of responders   Mar.: Deployment of radiation
    protective equipment/materials
 
May.: Development of
   the Manual for Relief Activities
   under Nuclear Disasters
Mar.: Development of
    a guide for safety
    management
    regarding staff living
    in an affected area
  Strengthening the structure for nuclear disaster response   Nov.: Appointment of REMC*** advisors
Strengthening the collaboration with related organizations in/outside Japan
  Education/training for staff Meeting of REMC Advisors
Opinion exchanges/discussion/training
Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
Organized by JRCS HQ By each block****
Education/training
for relief team members to prepare for possible nuclear disasters
  Gathering/
disseminating information
Information sharing via Digital Archives
Oct.: Launch of NDRC Digital Archives
Information sharing through special webpages/seminars
*    General Assembly of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
**   Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center
*** Radiation Emergency Medical Care
**** Organized by each JRCS block. The JRCS chapters and facilities are divided into six blocks (zones).