Preparedness for nuclear emergencies
The websites/webpages below contain information on nuclear disaster preparedness by the Japanese government and local governments and in other countries, and offer helpful information in preparing for/responding to possible nuclear disasters.
Legal and regulatory framework for nuclear emergency management in Japan
Websites/webpages for laws and regulations, guidelines and plans regarding nuclear emergency management in Japan.
- Atomic Energy Basic Act (Japan)
- Japanese law which stipulates basic principles for the atomic policy.
- Act on Special Measures Concerning Nuclear Emergency Preparedness (Japan)
- Japanese law which stipulates measures for nuclear disaster prevention by taking the disaster's characteristics into account.
- Act on the Regulation of Nuclear Source Material, Nuclear Fuel Material and Reactors (Japan)
- Japanese laws which regulates handling of nuclear materials.
- Nuclear Regulation Authority (Japan)
- Japanese regulator's website for safety and regulation of nuclear energy in Japan.
- Disaster Management (Cabinet Office, Japan)
- A webpage with links to reports and brochures on Disaster Management in Japan.
- Japan Atomic Energy Commission
- Website of the commission which was set up in the Cabinet Office to implement national nuclear energy policies in a democratic manner.
International/foreign standards and procedures for nuclear emergency management
Standards for nuclear emergency management by international organizations.
- IAEA Safety Standards (IAEA)
- IAEA's webpage for explaining the Safety Standards.
- Scientific & Technical Publications: Emergency Preparedness and Response Series (IAEA)
- IAEA's webpage with links to its series of publications for emergency preparedness and response.
- Actions to Protect the Public in an Emergency due to Severe Conditions at a Light Water Reactor (IAEA, 2013)
- A publication issued after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident as part of the IAEA’s Emergency Preparedness and Response publication series.
- INES: The International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (IAEA)
- INES is a tool for promptly and consistently communicating to the public the safety significance of events associated with sources of ionizing radiation.
- 1990 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection
(ICRP Publication 60) (ICRP, 1990)
- ICRP recommendations issued in 1990.
- The 2007 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection
(ICRP Publication 103) (ICRP, 2007)
- ICRP recommendations issued in 2007. (Free English extract download is available.)
- Application of the Commission’s Recommendations for the Protection of People in Emergency Exposure Situations (ICRP Publication 109) (ICRP, 2009)
- ICRP recommendations issued in 2009.
- Application of the Commission’s Recommendations to the Protection of People Living in Long-term Contaminated Areas after a Nuclear Accident or a Radiation Emergency
(ICRP Publication 111) (ICRP, 2009)
- ICRP recommendations issued in 2009. (Free English download is available.)
In case of a nuclear emergency. . .
Information on what to know and what to prepare for possible nuclear disasters.
- What to do in a Nuclear Emergency (Tokai Village, Japan)
- Brief illustrated instruction in the event of a nuclear emergency. (Click "For Foreign Residents".)
- Nuclear Disaster Management Guide (Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, 2016)
- A pamphlet prepared by the Miyagi Prefectural Government for its citizens in the event of an accident at the Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant. [PDF]
- Safety and Disaster Prevention: Nuclear Power Plant Accidents (Kyoto Prefecture, Japan)
- A Kyoto Prefectural Government's webpage to instruct its citizens what to do in the event of an accident at the Takahama Nuclear Power Plant.
- Nuclear Disaster Prevention (Shimane Prefecture, Japan, 2016)
- A leaflet prepared by the Shimane Prefectural Government for its citizens in the event of a nuclear accident. [PDF]
- The manuals for distribution and administration of iodine tablets (Nuclear Regulation Authority, Japan)
- Explanations about the manuals (available only in Japanese) for distribution and taking iodine tablets.
- Use of potassium iodide for thyroid protection during nuclear or radiological emergencies
- Explanations about the need to intake potassium iodide and how to take it during nuclear emergencies.
- Generic procedures for medical response during a nuclear or radiological emergency
- Procedures for medical personnel responding to different types of radiation emergencies and at the different stages of the emergency response.
Nuclear-energy related agencies, organizations, groups and regulatory authorities in Japan and abroad
- Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident
- Records on response to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident
- Archives on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident
- Nuclear disasters other than Fukushima
- Five years after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident
- Thirty years after the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Accident
- Current situation of the affected areas
- Support for affected people
- Legal and regulatory framework for nuclear emergency management in Japan
- International/foreign standards and procedures for nuclear emergency management
- In case of a nuclear emergency. . .
- Nuclear-energy related agencies, organizations, groups and regulatory authorities in Japan and abroad
- Response to people requring special consideration
- Communication during a disaster
- Local community
- Psychosocial care for affected popul and supporting people