JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session for the Fifth Block (FY 2017)
The Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) held a nuclear disaster response basic training session over 2 days on January 24 and 25, 2018 in Matsue City, Shimane Prefecture.
In FY 2017, the nuclear disaster response basic training was organized separately by each geographical group, i.e., the First Block (Hokkaido and Tohoku regions), the Third Block (Tokai and Hokuriku regions), and the Fifth (Chugoku and Shikoku regions) Block. The training seminar for the Fifth Block was carried out in Matsue City in Shimane Prefecture, where the Shimane Nuclear Power Station is located. The program was adapted to the geographical uniqueness of the area housing the power station, and to the situation of the JRC local chapters and their facilities. Due to the locations of the meeting venue and the participating facilities, the training in Matsue was designed as a 2-day program. This was the same as the nuclear disaster response basic training provided in the First and Third Blocks (at the Japanese Red Cross Ishinomaki Hospital on June 2-3, and at the Fukui Chamber of Commerce and Industry on June 16-17, respectively). The contents at the Matsue training were also enhanced with additional new lectures and group work.
This training session featured the Lecture 4 comprised of a group of presentations explaining the nuclear disaster preparedness program designed by the Shimane Prefecture, the initiatives of a local Red Cross hospital, and the security measures in place at the Shimane Nuclear Power Station. The lectures were given in cooperation with the Shimane prefectural government and the Shimane Nuclear Power Station, inviting the lecturers from both organizations. The attendees obtained in-depth knowledge about the large-scale disaster preparedness and evacuation plans of Shimane Prefecture, and the security measures taken at the Shimane Nuclear Power Station, which were increased in the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant Accident. The participants also enhanced their understanding of the cooperative system established between the nuclear power plant and the Red Cross hospital. Additionally, the radiation emergency medical care advisor of the Matsue Red Cross Hospital illustrated their preparatory arrangements for indoor sheltering as a model initiative to address nuclear disaster, for the hospitals that are located in a 10 km radius of a nuclear power plant.
Participants engaged in the group work
Participants engaged in the group work
In addition, with instructors from the JRCS psychosocial care program working as lecturers, the group work sessions were carried out as a new lecture, in accordance with the booklet, Communication with Affected Individuals during a Nuclear Disaster [PDF], which was published recently. To learn communication skills that take into consideration the psychological status and the surroundings unique to victims of nuclear disaster, the participants took on the role of a relief team member or a disaster victim and practiced model dialogues. Model diaglogues included: (1) one is asked about the status of the accident or disaster, (2) a pregnant woman is expressing concern, or dialogues related to radiation protection in general.
Information about the following lectures are also available via each link below (available only in Japanese).
Community disaster preparedness plan of Shimane Prefecture [PDF]
Large-scale evacuation plan of Shimane Prefecture/Initiatives of Matsue Red Cross Hospital [PDF]
Overview of the Shimane Nuclear Power Station [PDF]
3. Feedback from Participants
- It was extremely enlightening to listen to many different opinions in the group activity simulating a real deployment because in daily routine, we rarely have a chance of carrying out group activity while communicating with physicians and nurses.
- The scenario group activity proved to be very practical helpful training, allowing us to calculate the radiation dose received by the relief team and coordinate various opinions taking into account the priority in the actual activities.
- In the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, I was in the first relief team that was deployed to Fukushima. At that time our knowledge and equipment relevant to radiation were nil, so we couldn’t provide enough relief operations. However, lessons have been learned from the experience and, reflecting on the ordeal in Fukushima, I feel I myself acquired the knowledge I didn’t possess at that point.
- As the training seminar was held in an area where an actual nuclear power plant is located; I felt that I could understand the geographical features and characteristics of the local area. I could also gain knowledge about the evacuation routes defined in the large-scale evacuation plan of Shimane Prefecture as well as the security measures implemented by the Shimane Nuclear Power Station.