JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session for the Third Block (FY 2017)
The Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) held a Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session during 2 days on June 16-17, 2017, in Fukui City.
In the FY 2017, the training sessions were scheduled to be organized separately in the First (Hokkaido and Tohoku), Third (Tokai and Hokuriku), and Fifth (Chugoku and Shikoku) Blocks. In the Third Block, they carried out the session in Fukui Prefecture, where as many as four nuclear power plants are located. The program was adapted to the geographical uniqueness of the area housing the power plant, as well as to the situation of the JRC Chapters and their facilities. In the same manner as the Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session carried out in the First Block (held at the Japanese Red Cross Ishinomaki Hospital during June 2-3), the program for this year was changed to a 2-day session taking into account the time for the participants to travel from their work places to the venue. Its contents were also enhanced with additional new lectures.
Participants listening to the lectures
Participants listening to the lectures
In cooperation with Fukui Prefecture, we were able to incorporate lectures on their nuclear disaster preparedness measures and nuclear disaster medical care system into the program as part of the new lectures. In the lectures on nuclear disaster response, (i) implementation of protective measures according to the nuclear disaster response prioritized zones (Precautionary Action Zone (PAZ) and Urgent Protective Action Planning Zone (UPZ))*, (ii) evacuation routes in the extended zone and screening/decontamination planning, and (iii) facilities for radiation protection response being set up by Fukui Prefecture, were presented as part of the Extended Zone Evacuation Plan of Fukui Prefecture. Additionally, in the lecture on the nuclear disaster medical care system, the role of Fukui Red Cross Hospital was introduced as the nuclear disaster hub hospital to establish the platform of nuclear disaster medical care system of Fukui Prefecture.
*As the prioritized zones for nuclear disaster response, Precautionary Action Zone (PAZ, within a radius of approximately 5 km from the power plant) and Urgent Protective Action Planning Zone (UPZ, within a radius of 5-30 km from the power plant), have been specified for each nuclear power plant.
As another new lecture, “Lecture 7: Initiatives toward resolving the issues in the nuclear disaster response” was given to introduce examples of accomplishment and effort in the areas of (i) Communication with affected people during a nuclear disaster [PDF], (ii) Guide for safety management regarding staff living in an affected area in the event of a nuclear disaster [PDF] (available only in Japanese), and (iii) For protecting yourself and your family in the event of a nuclear disaster [PDF] (available only in Japanese). The Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center will continue to present the latest information about the Japanese Red Cross’ measures against nuclear disaster and our new initiatives, to participants in the Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Sessions.
Information of the following lectures are also available via each link below. (Only in Japanese)
Community Disaster Management Plan and Extended Zone Evacuation Plan (focusing on nuclear disaster) [PDF]
Nuclear Disaster Medical Care System in Fukui Prefecture [PDF]
3. Feedback from Participants
- As a prefecture housing nuclear power plants, it is crucial to provide the hospital staff, who will not only work as relief team members but could also become affectees themselves, with education for them to enhance their knowledge of radiation.
- While there are many radiological technologists who have not joined the relief team, the basic training session this time has refreshed my awareness as a staff member of the Red Cross, making me understand my role at times of disaster.
- The group work helped me understand the safety of running activities in the wake of nuclear disaster as well as the contents of the operation.
- The lecture on communication was very helpful because, as a nurse, I need to work in close contact with those affected. It was a good opportunity for me to reflect importance of communication, making me feel that I should be equipped with communication skills and correct knowledge.