IFRC developed a case study
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) developed a case study to overview the disaster response by the JRCS during the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami (GEJET) and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident (Fukushima Daiichi accident).
Introduction of the case study
Following the severe earthquake and tsunami which triggered a nuclear accident in March 2011 in Japan, the National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (NSs) adopted a resolution on preparedness to respond to the humanitarian consequences of nuclear accidents. The objective of this resolution is to improve the knowledge and competence of the IFRC and NSs in order to play a greater role in preparedness and response efforts for radiological and nuclear emergencies and to build up capacity to cope with the humanitarian consequences during and after a nuclear accident.
For this purpose, the IFRC and JRCS have prepared a range of information material to provide interested stakeholders from inside and outside the International Red Cross and Red Crescent testimonials and documentation on the challenges faced by its staff and volunteers in various nuclear disasters. This specific case study is developed to give an overview of the JRCS’s initial emergency response to the GEJET which happened on 11 March 2011. The timeframe covered is approximately 3 weeks during the time of launch of the response and the first phase of the relief period. It also describes the challenges the emergency response teams faced after the cascading disaster which triggered the accident at the Fukushima – Daiichi nuclear power plant. Further on, it explains the different steps undertaken to address the specific challenge of a nuclear accident and to operate in an environment potentially contaminated with radiation. The case study concludes with results obtained from the experiences and the lessons learned by the JRCS for the IFRC and its member National Societies.
he case study [PDF] is downloadable from here.