Revision of the JRCS’s guidelines and manual related to nuclear disasters
In March 2016, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) revised its “Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery” (Guidelines) and “Manual for Relief Activities under Nuclear Disasters” (Manual). The JRCS developed the Guidelines and the Manual based on the experiences and reflections of its relief activities conducted immediately after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident (Fukushima Daiichi accident) that followed the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in March 2011. This development is part of the efforts for nuclear disaster preparedness that the JRCS has created with the intention of providing the appropriate humanitarian assistance quickly if a similar disaster occurs in the future.
The Guidelines were developed in March 2015 with a broad range of activities in mind. The activity phases are divided into three phases in the Guidelines: “Preparedness”; “Emergency Response”; and “Recovery.” The Guidelines describe activities of each phase based on the experiences in Fukushima. Safety standards are also clearly stated in order to secure the safety of JRCS responders. The Guidelines also refer to arrangements for specialist advice by JRCS radiation emergency medical care advisors.
The Manual was originally developed in May 2013 mainly for activities by JRCS relief teams. When the Fukushima Daiichi accident occurred, the JRCS were temporarily confronted with constraints in its relief activities in Fukushima Prefecture due to neither equipment nor safety standards prepared for JRCS relief teams in case of nuclear disasters. This experience led the JRCS to nuclear disaster preparedness and it developed a course of action and code of conduct for nuclear disasters which might occur in the future to secure the safety of relief team members during relief activities.
As stated above, some revisions or amendments have been made to these documents. The new versions of the Guidelines and the Manual can be accessed from the links below (both links lead to the latest versions).