Fifth NIRS Chromosome Training Session


Training session

Training session

The Fifth Chromosome Training Session was held at the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) Headquarters on March 17, 2015. The session was co-hosted by the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) and the JRCS. The session was attended by 28 people, including researchers and students of medical biology, medical personnel, nuclear disaster response staff from public organizations, and the JRCS staff.

The training session has been organized and held by the NIRS since 2011 based on the experience of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident (Fukushima Daiichi accident). The purpose is to have a pool of experts nationwide who are able to support chromosome testing in case of a complex disaster; including a major nuclear disaster or accident, nuclear terrorism, and a large-scale earthquake. The JRCS agreed with the purpose and assisted with organizing the training session for the first time.

Diagnostic imaging exercise by using iPad

Diagnostic imaging exercise by using iPad

At the session, the Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center (NDRC) made a presentation about the nuclear disaster preparedness by the JRCS (e.g. creation of guidelines for relief activities during a nuclear disaster, information dissemination about nuclear disasters through the NDRC Digital Archives) based on the experience of relief activities and lessons from the Fukushima Daiichi accident. The NIRS gave the participants lectures about effects on human bodies from radiation including acute radiation exposure and chronic radiation exposure, past radiological accidents such as the Chernobyl accident, dose estimate methods focused on chromosome analysis and so on. Another special presentation was also given by the National Institute of Public Health entitled “Front Line of CBRNE* Preparedness”.
(* Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosives)

Demonstration of microscopic image analysis

Demonstration of microscopic image analysis system

The comments from the participants were positive. The followings are some of them:
“I have been involved in chromosome testing for many years. Please call me if any disaster happens. I will be pleased to help.”
“I think that this sort of training is meaningful also to the public and that Japanese people are responsible for continuing to share the experience, think and act.”
The NDRC will continue to collaborate with external organizations to prepare for nuclear disasters.


Special Presentation 1: Nuclear Disaster Preparedness by the JRCS
(Kazuaki Shiba, Director, NDRC, JRCS)

Lecture 1: Radiation Effects on Human Bodies
(Dr. Hideo Tatsuzaki, Section Head, Medical Section, Radiation Emergency Medical Assistance Team (REMAT), NIRS)

Lecture 2: Past Radiation Exposure Accidents
(Dr. Kumiko Fukutsu, Senior Researcher, Research Center for Radiation Emergency Medicine, NIRS)

Lecture 3: Dose Estimate Methods Focused on Chromosome Analysis
(Dr. Yumiko Suto, Team Leader, Research Center for Radiation Emergency Medicine, NIRS)

Special Presentation 2: Front Line of CBRNE Preparedness
(Dr. Yasuhiro Kanatani, Director, Department of Health Crisis Management, National Institute of Public Health)

Exercise 1: Diagnostic Imaging
Exercise 2: Microscopic Image Analysis System
(Dr. Yumiko Suto, Team Leader, Research Center for Radiation Emergency Medicine, NIRS; Mr. Toru Tanaka and Mr. Hiro Migitaka, Carl Zeiss Microscopy Co., Ltd.)