JRCS Second Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
(FY 2014)

2015/03/25


Training session

Training session

The Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) organized and held the second “Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session” at the JRCS Headquarters on February 20, 2015.

This training session is one of the JRCS efforts to enhance its nuclear emergency preparedness based on the lessons learned from the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. It was held on the basis of what was discussed at the Meeting for Medical Personnel of Japanese Red Cross Radiation Emergency Hospitals*, which took place in August 2014, and the content of the first training session held in November 2014. The basic training session was held for JRCS relief team members, who are physicians, nurses, radiological technologists and administrative staff working at Japanese Red Cross hospitals across the country and JRCS chapter staff. The training session presented the participants lectures about basic knowledge of radiation and nuclear disasters, collaboration with radiation emergency medical advisors during a nuclear disaster, workshops to learn how to use radiation measuring equipment such as a survey meter, case studies with an assumed relief activity period and upper dose limit during that period of time. The training was aimed at providing the relief team members with knowledge and skills that allow them to act safely and with ease if they are dispatched to affected areas during a nuclear disaster.

The basic training session will be provided twice also in FY 2015. The next session is scheduled for September and November 2015.

For the content of the first session, please click here.

*Note for Meeting for Medical Personnel of Japanese Red Cross Radiation Emergency Hospitals (For more on the meeting, please click here.)
The meeting was held at the JRCS Headquarters on August 26 and 27, 2014 for Red Cross hospitals that are designated as primary or secondary radiation emergency hospitals, Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital & Atomic-bomb Survivors Hospital, Japanese Red Cross Nagasaki Genbaku Hospital and Fukushima Red Cross Hospital. These hospitals gathered for the first time to exchange their opinions for nuclear emergency arrangements. At the second basic training session, 19 physicians and radiological technologists of the Japanese Red Cross hospitals who took part in the meeting including Dr. Watanabe, Deputy Director General of Fukushima Red Cross Hospital, served as instructors.

1. Outline of the training session


(1) Date and time: Friday, February 20, 2015; 11:00 – 17:00
(2) Venue: Meeting Room 201 and some other rooms at the JRCS Headquarters
(3) No. of participants: 85 (from Japanese Red Cross hospitals and JRCS chapters across Japan)

(1)Date and time: Friday, February 20, 2015; 11:00 – 17:00
(2)Venue: Meeting Room 201 and some other rooms at the JRCS Headquarters
(3)No. of participants: 85 (from Japanese Red Cross hospitals and JRCS chapters across Japan)

2. Purpose of the training


For JRCS relief team members to learn basic knowledge about radiation and radiation emergency medical care arrangements, and how to use radiation protective equipment so that they are able to safely engage in relief activities in a radioactive environment with ease.

3. Training program



Workshop 1: Participants learned how to
put on radiation protective gear.

Workshop 1: Participants learned how to put on radiation protective gear.
(1) Opening remarks by Director General, JRCS Disaster Management and Social Welfare Department
(2) Lecture 1: JRCS efforts for response to nuclear disasters
(3) Lecture 2: Relief team activities and collaboration between the teams and the radiation emergency medical advisors during a nuclear disaster
(4) Lecture 3: Basic knowledge about radiation protection during nuclear disaster relief activities
(5) Workshop 1: How to use radiation protective equipment and materials (for all participants)
(6) Workshop 2: How to use/maintain a survey meter and a personal dosimeter (for radiological technologists)
(7) Groupwork 1: Case study (for physicians, nurses and administrative staff)
(8) Groupwork 2: Case study (for all participants)
(1)Opening remarks by Director General, JRCS Disaster Management and Social Welfare Department
(2)Lecture 1: JRCS efforts for response to nuclear disasters
(3)Lecture 2: Relief team activities and collaboration between the teams and the radiation emergency medical advisors during a nuclear disaster
(4)Lecture 3: Basic knowledge about radiation protection during nuclear disaster relief activities
(5)Workshop 1: How to use radiation protective equipment and materials (for all participants)
(6)Workshop 2: How to use/maintain a survey meter and a personal dosimeter (for radiological technologists)
(7)Groupwork 1: Case study (for physicians, nurses and administrative staff)
(8)Groupwork 2: Case study (for all participants)

4. Opinions given by the participants during the training session


For the summary of the training session and opinions given by the participants,
please click here [PDF].

5. Voices from the participants


(1) It is important to get the related manuals and guidelines across to related personnel. I hope that the JRCS will think about how to secure the safety of JRCS relief team members and how to reassure their family members and their hospital staff who send them to nuclear-disaster affected areas.
(2) There is no right answer to how to balance relief team members’ safety and their relief activities, because balancing between them is very difficult. However, I think that the JRCS should continue to play a core role in disaster medicine in Japan.
(1)It is important to get the related manuals and guidelines across to related personnel. I hope that the JRCS will think about how to secure the safety of JRCS relief team members and how to reassure their family members and their hospital staff who send them to nuclear-disaster affected areas.
(2)There is no right answer to how to balance relief team members’ safety and their relief activities, because balancing between them is very difficult. However, I think that the JRCS should continue to play a core role in disaster medicine in Japan.

Workshop 2: The training program includes
how to use a survey meter.

Groupwork 2: Case study

Workshop 2: The training program includes how to use a survey meter.

Groupwork 2: Case study