Development of “(Tentative) Guidelines for Red Cross Activities during Nuclear Disasters” and Establishment of a Committee of Experts for the Guidelines
1. Background of the guidelines preparation
When the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) conducted relief activities immediately after the Great East Japan Earthquake, they faced constraints in Fukushima due to a lack of code of conduct and safety standards regarding radiation levels. In addition, we did not have enough information regarding nuclear disasters at that time. Based on lessons learned from the experience, the JRCS decided to prepare “(Tentative) Guidelines for Red Cross Activities during Nuclear Disasters”.
Based on our experience and relief activities following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake, the JRCS hopes to prepare guidelines not only for internal use but also as a reference for other Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies around the world. By developing the guidelines in this manner, the JRCS aspires to make action guidelines for humanitarian assistance organizations in case of possible future nuclear disasters.
In addition, the JRCS thinks that another important role regarding the guidelines is to propose specific issues which could arise if a nuclear disaster occurs and encourage the entire society to recognize those issues as “challenges”. The JRCS aims to make the guidelines serve as a trigger for the Japanese central government and local governments, various organizations, groups and individuals to address those issues.
2. Purpose of the committee for the guidelines
In order to make highly effective, practical and objective guidelines, opinions from both inside and outside the JRCS need to be considered. Therefore, a guidelines committee was established to listen to views from non-JRCS experts and reflect opinions from JRCS experts.
The committee members are assigned to add findings and information from their own specialty to the guidelines draft to be prepared by the JRCS. The guidelines will be finalized reflecting those findings and information.
List of the committee members is here.
Minutes summary of the 1st meeting (held on Mar. 24, 2014) is here.
Minutes summary of the 2nd meeting (held on Jun. 30, 2014) is here.
Minutes summary of the 3rd meeting (held on Sep. 29, 2014) is here.
Minutes summary of the 4th meeting (held on Dec. 15, 2014) is here.