Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
JRCS relief teams consist of physicians, nurses and administrative staff. Many of them are not radiation experts. The JRCS’s relief activities in Fukushima conducted immediately after the outset of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident were not enough due to the lack of knowledge about radiation, protective equipment/materials, and standards for ensuring the safety of the relief team members. If a nuclear disaster occurs, JRCS relief team members need to engage in relief activities in a radiation environment safely and securely, and provide necessary assistance to the survivors. In order to make this possible, the JRCS organizes and holds the “Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session” to allow the relief team members to learn basic knowledge they will need during a nuclear disaster.
The curriculum and program were discussed and considered at the Meeting of Nuclear Emergency Medical Care Advisors which is composed of some physicians and radiological technologists working at Japanese Red Cross hospitals which are designated as nuclear emergency facilities. The training materials were also prepared by the meeting members. The JRCS nuclear emergency medical care advisors (NEMC advisors) serve as instructors at the training sessions. This training started in November 2014 and was held at the JRCS National Headquarters four times in total in Fiscal Years 2014 and 2015. From FY 2016 onwards, the training has been organized and held by each JRCS bloc.
The program of the training session includes explanations of “Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery” [PDF] (Guidelines) created by the JRCS, basic knowledge about radiation and the role of the NEMC advisors; workshops for handling radiation protective equipment and materials; and case studies by groups, etc. Particularly, during the case studies, the participants discuss and consider selection of relief team members, safe routes to get to a destination in an affected area, decision making and whom they should seek advice to. The case studies aim to enable the participants to recognize again the necessary principles to respond to a large disaster and the importance of collaboration with the NEMC advisors.
The frequency of nuclear disasters may be thought to be low. However, the JRCS believes that it is important to continue to hold this type of training session for JRCS relief teams to provide necessary relief activities in the event of a nuclear disaster.
For the past training sessions, please click on the following links:
FY 2014 JRCS First Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
FY 2014 JRCS Second Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
FY 2015 JRCS First Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
FY 2015 JRCS Second Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
FY 2016 JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Sessions (2nd, 4th and 6th blocks)
FY 2017 JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Sessions (1st, 3rd and 5th blocks)
FY 2018 JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Sessions (2nd and 4th blocks)
Each time, the training program runs on the basis of the following lectures and hands-on exercises.
・Lecture: Nuclear Disaster Preparedness by Japanese Red Cross Society
This lecture introduces the background and an outline of the JRCS’s nuclear disaster preparedness. Training participants learn how the JRCS has undertaken initiatives such as creating internal guidelines, fostering human resources capable of effective nuclear emergency response, and disseminating knowledge and information about nuclear disasters via the Digital Archives of the Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center.
・Lecture: Basic Knowledge of Radiation Protection for Disaster Relief Activities
This lecture provides basic knowledge of radiation and explains health effects of radiation exposure, referring to the hazardous consequences produced by the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and to the situation of the harm caused by the nuclear power plant accidents in Chernobyl and Fukushima.
・Lecture: Relief Team Activities during a Nuclear Emergency and Collaboration with Nuclear Emergency Medical Care Advisors
In this lecture, they learn the role of NEMC advisors, who shall be deployed in the event of a nuclear emergency, and the scope of relief activities the JRCS relief teams should carry out.
・Lecture: For Securing the Safety of Relief Teams during Relief Activities in the Event of a Nuclear Disaster
The lecture describes specific actions that JRCS relief teams should take in the event of a nuclear emergency to ensure the safety of their activities, as well as the role of radiological technologists who shall accompany each relief team.
・Lecture: Communication with Affected People during a Nuclear Disaster
Through group activities, participants gain knowledge and skills that are required in the relief activities specifically in the event of a nuclear emergency, to establish good communication with affected people.
・Hands-on exercise: How to Use a Personal Digital Dosimeter and How to Put on/Take off Protective Clothing
In this exercise, participants learn how to use a personal digital dosimeter, which is provided individually to each relief team member, and how to put on/take off protective clothing.
・Hands-on exercise: How to use and maintain survey meters and personal digital dosimeters
Participants learn the method for using/maintaining the radiation measuring instruments.