Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
JRCS relief teams consist of physicians, nurses and administrative staff. Many of them are not radiation experts. The JRCS’s relief activities in Fukushima conducted immediately after the outset of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident were not enough due to the lack of knowledge about radiation, protective equipment/materials, and standards for ensuring the safety of the relief team members. If a nuclear disaster occurs, JRCS relief team members need to engage in relief activities in a radiation environment safely and securely, and provide necessary assistance to the survivors. In order to make this possible, the JRCS organizes and holds the “Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session” to allow the relief team members to learn basic knowledge they will need during a nuclear disaster.
The curriculum and program were discussed and considered at the Meeting of Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors which is composed of some physicians and radiological technologists working at Japanese Red Cross hospitals which are designated as radiation emergency hospitals. The training materials were also prepared by the meeting members. The JRCS radiation emergency medical care advisors (REMC advisors) serve as instructors at the training sessions. This training started in November 2014 and was held at the JRCS National Headquarters four times in total in Fiscal Years 2014 and 2015. From FY 2016, the training has been organized and held by each JRCS block.
The program of the training session includes explanations of “Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery” [PDF] (Guidelines) created by the JRCS, basic knowledge about radiation and the role of the REMC advisors; workshops for handling radiation protective equipment and materials; and case studies by groups, etc. Particularly, during the case studies, the participants discuss and consider selection of relief team members, safe routes to get to a destination in an affected area, decision making and whom they should seek advice to. The case studies aim to enable the participants to recognize again the necessary principles to respond to a large disaster and the importance of collaboration with the REMC advisors.
The frequency of nuclear disasters may be thought to be low. However, the JRCS believes that it is important to continue to hold this type of training session for JRCS relief teams to provide necessary relief activities in the event of a nuclear disaster.
For the past training sessions, please click on the following links:
FY 2014 JRCS First Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
FY 2014 JRCS Second Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
FY 2015 JRCS First Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
FY 2015 JRCS Second Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Session
FY 2016 JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Sessions (2nd, 4th and 6th block)
FY 2017 JRCS Nuclear Disaster Response Basic Training Sessions (1st, 3rd and 5th block)
Each JRCS block has held the training session since FY 2016. As model materials for the session at respective blocks, a package of training materials was prepared as the “Manual for Relief Activities under Nuclear Disasters.” The materials used in the first four sessions were reviewed and the package incorporates the materials used in these sessions, adding necessary updates. The materials are as follows:
・Manual for Relief Activities under Nuclear Disasters [PDF]
The manual states the JRCS’s code of conduct in providing relief activities in the event of a nuclear disaster. The manual says, for example, that the JRCS relief team members shall engage in relief activities outside of “restricted areas” where public access is restricted and that each member’s accumulated radiation dose during an activity period shall not exceed 1 mSv.
・Lecture 1: Nuclear Disaster Preparedness by Japanese Red Cross Society [PDF]
This lecture material introduces the background and a summary of the JRCS’s nuclear disaster preparedness. The JRCS has created its guidelines, developed human resources to respond to possible nuclear disasters and disseminated knowledge and information about nuclear disasters via the Digital Archives of the Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center. These JRCS’s activities are explained in this material.
・Lecture 2: Basic Knowledge about Radiation Protection for Disaster Relief Activities [PDF]
This lecture material explains basic knowledge about radiation, the damage in Hiroshima and Nagasaki caused by the atomic bombs and health effects from radiation exposure based on the data regarding the nuclear accidents in Chernobyl and Fukushima.
・Lecture 3: Relief Team Activities during a Nuclear Disaster and Collaboration with Radiation Emergency Medical Care Advisors [PDF]
This lecture material explains the role of REMC advisors who are supposed to be deployed in the event of a nuclear disaster and the scope of relief activities by JRCS relief teams.
・Lecture 4: For Securing the Safety of Relief Teams during Relief Activities in the Event of a Nuclear Disaster [PDF]
This lecture material explains the action that JRCS relief teams should take during relief activities to ensure their safety and the role of radiological technologists who are supposed to accompany each team during their activity period.
・Workshop 1: How to Use a Personal Digital Dosimeter and How to Put on/Take off Protective Gear [PDF]
This workshop material explains how to use a personal digital dosimeter and how to put on/take off a protective gear. The dosimeter and gear are provided to each relief team member in the event of a nuclear disaster.
・Workshop 2: How to use and maintain survey meters and a personal digital dosimeter [PDF]
This workshop material explains how to use/maintain the radiation measurement devices.