Nuclear Disaster Guidelines
To prepare for nuclear disasters, the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) developed guidelines for Red Cross activities (mainly relief activities) during a nuclear disaster, in cooperation with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), and is promoting to share and disseminate the guidelines at home and abroad.
The development and dissemination of the guidelines is one of the activities of the Red Cross Nuclear Disaster Resource Center (NDRC); along with the gathering, compiling and disseminating of information about nuclear disasters through the NDRC Digital Archives, and public awareness through the organizing of seminars and training.
JRCS Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery
The JRCS issued the “Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery” (Guidelines) on March 30, 2015, and made some changes to them afterward, in March 2016 and November 2018.
Background to the Guidelines
Based on the experiences and reflections of the activities conducted soon after the TEPCO’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident (Fukushima Daiichi accident) in March 2011 which followed the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, and a resolution on “preparedness to respond to the humanitarian consequences of nuclear accidents” adopted at the 18th General Assembly of the IFRC in November 2011, the JRCS has made efforts to prepare for nuclear disaster response to allow it to implement quick and appropriate humanitarian assistance activities in the event of a similar nuclear disaster in the future.
The development of the guidelines was an urgent task for JRCS’s nuclear disaster preparedness. The JRCS also needed to realize relief activities during a nuclear disaster and make the guidelines more objective and practical by gathering knowledge and opinions from within and outside the JRCS to make sure that the guidelines will be effective. For these reasons, the JRCS established the “Guidelines for Red Cross Activities during Nuclear Disasters Committee”.
For further details on the background to the guidelines, please go to Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery.
For more on the “Guidelines for Red Cross Activities during Nuclear Disasters Committee”, please visit About Guidelines for Red Cross Activities during Nuclear Disasters Committee.
Annotations to the Guidelines
The NDRC prepared the annotations to the Guidelines to explain each section. In the Guidelines, some events and perceptions behind what is written in it are omitted to keep the description of the Guidelines simplified. Therefore, the annotations were prepared with the aim of helping the readers to better understand the Guidelines by explaining those events and perceptions.
For details of the annotations, please click on Annotations to the Nuclear Disaster Guidelines for Preparedness, Response and Recovery.
IFRC Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Guidelines
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) adopted a resolution on “preparedness to respond to the humanitarian consequences of nuclear accidents” at the 18th General Assembly in November 2011, which was held after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident (Fukushima Daiichi accident) in March 2011. Following the resolution, the IFRC established the “Reference Group Meeting on CBRN Emergency Preparedness” (Reference Group Meeting) consisting of Red Cross and Red Crescent (RCRC) Societies which are relevant to response to nuclear disasters. Under the arrangements, the Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Guidelines - Preparedness, Response and Recovery - (IFRC Guidelines) were considered. The IFRC Guidelines were published in October 2015. The views and opinions presented by the relevant National Societies at the four Reference Group Meetings were reflected in the guidelines. During the Third Reference Group Meeting which took place in Fukushima in 2014, the overview of the Fukushima Daiichi accident, the situation of Fukushima, the JRCS’s efforts for nuclear disaster preparedness and its own guidelines were shared among the participants. The shared content was also reflected throughout the IFRC Guidelines. For the details on the IFRC Guidelines, please click here.